In Australia the e-bike is defined by the Australian Vehicle Standards as a bicycle that has an auxiliary motor with a maximum power output not exceeding 200W without consideration for speed limits or pedal sensors.
Each state is responsible for deciding how to treat such a vehicle and currently all states agree that such a vehicle does not require licensing or registration. Various groups are lobbying for an increase in this low limit to encourage more widespread use of e-bikes to assist in mobility, health benefits and to reduce congestion, pollution and road danger. Some states have their own rules such as no riding under electric power on bike paths and through built up areas so riders should view the state laws regarding their use. Currently there is no licence and no registration required for e-bike usage.
Since 30 May 2012, Australia has an additional new e-bike category using the European Union model of a Pedelec as per the CE EN15194 standard. This means the e-bike can have a motor of 250W of continuous rated power which can only be activated by pedalling (if above 6 km/h) and must cut out over 25 km/h – if so it is classed as a normal bicycle.
- An EN15194 Certified bike is considered a Pedelec and may have a motor of no more than 250W and motor must cut out at 25km/h
- A Non EN15194 Certified bike is considered a bike with an auxiliary motor and may not exceed 200W and motor must cut out at 25km/h
- Bikes must be solely driven by human pedal movement (no throttles) although some have noted throttles are acceptable when used on private property only
- No licence or registration is required for these bikes at the present time
- Standard bicycle regulations apply eg. helmets, use and road rules. (refer to local laws in your state)
Note: The above mentions is relevant to electric bikes. Different laws apply to electric scooters and other personal transport devices.